Egypt has barely left the UN grain convention and the IGC is trying to woo it back. Several member states are against any special treatment for Egypt, a key country in the wheat trade.
The winner of an Egyptian government call for tenders to supply 240,000 tonnes of wheat is a previously unknown Dubai cereals trader with ties to Trading House RIF, the biggest exporter of Russian wheat.
Egypt has its most powerful members of government working on diversifying the country's wheat supply. It is looking at the Balkans, Central Europe and India, but its two main suppliers - Russia and Ukraine - have no need to worry.
India's export ban and subsequent tax hike on broken rice, of which Senegal is a major consumer, have greatly displeased Dakar. Macky Sall and his ministers mobilised to get New Delhi to change its position, but high export taxes continue to disrupt grain imports.
The Agence Francaise de Developpement is to help Egypt to increase its wheat storage capacity. Since the Russian invasion of Ukraine, Egypt has had to buy wheat at high prices and hopes that bigger stocks will enable it to deal better with future supply crises.
The state body that provides wheat for Egypt's subsidised bread programme has agreed to supply private millers to help them through a crisis that has shut most of their mills. But this is a stop-gap measure, with the country hoping that an IMF loan will provide long-term relief.
Through an exceptional call for tenders involving 825,000 tonnes of wheat, Cairo has secured its supplies until mid-October. Of the 14 ships ordered by GASC, the authority in charge of purchasing cereals, six are French.
Istanbul traders and food companies are increasingly serving as intermediaries between Russia and the agricultural trading giants, particularly to supply North and East Africa with grain, flour and sunflower oil.
With the Ethiopian rainy season approaching and the third-stage filling of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) reservoir announced, a new period of tension between Egypt, and the Blue Nile neighbouring countries of Ethiopia and Sudan is looming.
To supply its noodle factories and mills, Dufil Prima Foods has decided to bring Indian wheat to Lagos, a first in West Africa. But to introduce this product further, major logistical challenges must be overcome.
The Casillo family group, the leading supplier of durum wheat to Italian pasta manufacturers, has for several years systematically responded to calls for tenders from the Tunisian cereals office. This has enabled it to bag a swathe of the country's supply contracts since the start of the Ukraine war.
Algeria's national cereals board, the OAIC, is the focus of major government spending and a key political tool for its bilateral relationship with France. The organisation is tasked with ensuring Algeria is supplied with wheat, despite the current high prices and the sometimes competing demands of millers, bakers and consumers.
The Elysée is fine-tuning its emergency plan to help countries most dependent on cereal imports, many of which are in Africa. Washington, the West African Monetary and Economic Union, and the World Food Programme are also drawing up plans.
The Egyptian government, which has until now always avoided sourcing from India, has reached out to New Delhi in a bid to obtain large volumes of grain to compensate for the lack of Russian and Ukrainian suppliers.
The halt in Russian and Ukrainian wheat exports has opened a window of opportunity for French grain producers in North and West Africa, who in recent weeks have been able to act as substitute suppliers at short notice.
With grain shipments in the Black Sea becoming impossible, large and small suppliers of both millers and state agencies are having to adapt to meet their requirements. At the same time, prices are exploding, which may be a double-edged sword.
The Moscow-Kyiv crisis is leading to a drastic reduction in the volume of grain shipped from Black Sea ports. Fearing a Russian offensive, shipping companies are now refusing to make new commitments to traders. This situation particularly affects Algiers, which has been relying on supplies from this region to compensate for its halt in French purchases, but it is also of consequence to Egypt.
Algeria's new wheat import regulations could favour Russian and Ukrainians deliveries and undercut France's current market lead.