The fate of the G5 Sahel is more uncertain than ever. Niger's head of state Mohamed Bazoum, who is about to take over the presidency, has made no secret of his scepticism about the usefulness of the organisation.
The withdrawal of French troops from Mali presents a major logistical challenge, with an increased risk of attacks by Islamic militants. The military has been examining various scenarios over the past few weeks.
With the Transitional Military Council (CMT) in the crosshairs since Idriss Déby's death, the Elysée Palace and French foreign ministry have been holding meeting after meeting with the opposition.