Turkey, the main partner of Omar al-Bashir's regime, lost its influence in Sudan when power fell into the hands of civilians in 2019. Despite Ankara not being as well connected to General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, who took power on 25 October, as Egypt and the Emirates, Recep Tayyip Erdogan's regime nevertheless hopes that the breakdown of relations with Europe and the US will lead to a restoration of close ties with Khartoum.
With Turkey and Qatar increasing their diplomatic and economic footprint on the continent, Saudi Arabia is playing catch-up by preparing to host its first Africa summit in the first half of 2022. Riyad also plans to open more embassies on the continent.
After president Omar al-Bashir was deposed in 2019, a deal was struck to share power between military and civilian leaders for a transitional period leading to elections in December next year. But the ruling Sovereignty Council set up by that deal is stealthily finding ways to postpone the polls, which now will not happen before 2024.
As it negotiates to re-establish relations with the International Monetary Fund, Sudan is under pressure to better control its gold exports. The trouble is, the yellow metal's leading dealers sit on the ruling Sovereign Council.