Behind his success are people little known to the public, namely his brothers, Mustapha Rahiel, director of the private office of prime minister Abdelmalek Sellal, and financier Sid Ali Chercham, who provided him with privileged access to Algeria’s public sector banks. These allies have enabled him to position himself as a partner of choice for international groups, to diversify his activity portfolio into such key economic sectors as sport, the media and air transport, to become the leader of the private sector companies who form the FCE and to become one of the main sources of funding for Bouteflika’s presidential election campaigns in 2009 and 2014.