Ghana's 16,000-strong army has become one of the main levers of Accra's outsized diplomatic influence in Africa and beyond, with nearly 3,000 soldiers deployed across a dozen UN missions. President Nana Akufo-Addo is particularly fond of his country's armed forces and increasingly relies on his Chief of Defence Staff, Lieutenant General Obed Akwa.
Mali's presidential election isn't due until the first quarter of 2022 but that hasn't stopped Moussa Mara, who served as prime minister under ousted president Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, from getting the ball rolling and activating his networks, not just in Bamako, but also in Paris.
Despite being Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta's leading collaborators, former intelligence chief Moussa Diawara and the deposed head of state's oldest son, Karim Keïta, have been able to slip quietly into exile. Africa Intelligence reveals their activities before and after IBK's fall from power and detail the ambiguous roles they played in the weeks leading up to the coup.
After the coup d'état of 18 August in Mali, the UN Panel of Experts for Mali was tasked with gauging the new authorities' will to implement the Algiers accord. In the event of obstruction, those now in power in Bamako know that the United Nations is serious about imposing sanctions.