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AFRICA RUSSIA UKRAINE

Africa in the Russia-Ukraine war

Despite taking place thousands of kilometres from Africa, Russia's invasion of Ukraine is having a substantial impact on the continent's economies and governments. Facing hurdles in the supply of grain, fertiliser and fuel, and starved of Russian investment, especially in mining projects, African countries are trying to adapt to the crisis while Moscow and Western countries are lobbying hard to bring them into line with their respective positions.

Angolan President Joao Lourenco (C) watches as Endiama CEO Jose Manuel Augusto Ganga Junior (L) shakes hands with Alrosa CEO Sergei Ivanov (R), in the Kremlin in Moscow, 4 April 2019.
Angolan President Joao Lourenco (C) watches as Endiama CEO Jose Manuel Augusto Ganga Junior (L) shakes hands with Alrosa CEO Sergei Ivanov (R), in the Kremlin in Moscow, 4 April 2019. © Alexei Druzhinin/Sputnik/Kremlin Pool

Sanctions-hit Alrosa's woes impact on continent's diamond producers 

The West's sanctions on the Russian mining colossus Alrosa, the world's largest diamond producer, are taking a huge toll on Angola, its main partner. That has left the field open for the world's second largest diamond producer, Botswana, to charge ahead. [...]

SpotlightCAMEROON Diplomacy 12/05/2022
Cameroon's President Paul Biya (left) with his French counterpart Emmanuel Macron in Lyon in October 2019.
Cameroon's President Paul Biya (left) with his French counterpart Emmanuel Macron in Lyon in October 2019. © Maxime Jegat/Photo PQR/Le Progrès/MaxPPP

Macron reacts to military rapprochement with Moscow 

In late April, Cameroon signed a new military cooperation agreement with Moscow, prompting an immediate diplomatic reaction from France. Christophe Bigot, Africa director at the foreign ministry, travelled in person to Yaoundé, and at one point a visit by Emmanuel Macron was even envisaged. [...]

Naspers' boss Koos Bekker, former CEO of De Beers Gareth Penny and Isabel Dos Santos, daughter of Angola's former President.
Naspers' boss Koos Bekker, former CEO of De Beers Gareth Penny and Isabel Dos Santos, daughter of Angola's former President. © Naspers/Ninety One/Toby Melville/Reuters

Bekker, Penny, Dos Santos... Russia's African partners kept at bay by war in Ukraine 

Since Moscow began its military offensive in Ukraine, numerous southern African entrepreneurs have had to freeze their investment projects in Russia or leave their positions as directors of companies under sanctions. Being separated from these wealthy Africans has entrenched the dichotomy of Russia's presence on the continent: [...]

SpotlightLIBYA Diplomacy 21/03/2022
Libyan Prime Minister Abdelhamid Dabaiba and Chechen President Ramzan Kadyrov.
Libyan Prime Minister Abdelhamid Dabaiba and Chechen President Ramzan Kadyrov. © Donatella Giagnori/Eidon/Dmitry Astakhov/Sputnik/Government Press Service Pool/EPA/MaxPPP

As Dabaiba moves closer to Kadyrov, Haftar's Russian connections ensnare Bachagha 

Determined to remain at the head of the government in Tripoli, Abdelhamid Dabaiba has reactivated his channels of communication with Chechnyan strongman Ramzan Kadyrov, who has long offered his services to train the Libyan military. [...]

AFRICA 21/03/2022
Russian President Vladimir Putin (back right) and his Zimbabwean counterpart Emmerson Mnangagwa (back left) with Dmitry Mazepin (front right) of Uralchem, and Perence Shiri (front left), Zimbabwean minister of agriculture, 15 January 2019, Moscow.
Russian President Vladimir Putin (back right) and his Zimbabwean counterpart Emmerson Mnangagwa (back left) with Dmitry Mazepin (front right) of Uralchem, and Perence Shiri (front left), Zimbabwean minister of agriculture, 15 January 2019, Moscow. © Michael Klimentyev/Sputnik/EPA/Newscom/MaxPPP

PhosAgro, Uralchem, Eurochem: how Russian fertiliser giants cope with sanctions  Free

In light of Western measures against their shareholders, the fertiliser producers PhosAgro, Uralchem and Eurochem will drastically cut their exports to Africa, a market they had turned to with relative success after the loss of their Ukrainian clients in 2014. [...]

SUDAN Politics 07/03/2022
The Chairman of the Sudanese Sovereign Council Abdel Fattah al-Burhan and the Deputy Chairman of the Council Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo, known as Hemeti.
The Chairman of the Sudanese Sovereign Council Abdel Fattah al-Burhan and the Deputy Chairman of the Council Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo, known as Hemeti. © Sarah Meyssonnier/Pool/File Photo/Reuters/Marwan Ali/EPA/Newscom/MaxPPP

Sudan runs with Moscow hare and hunts with Washington hounds 

Sudan's interim vice president took the stage last month alongside top Russian government figures. Two weeks earlier, Sudanese authorities signed a lobbying contract with a US firm in Washington. [...]

NORTH AFRICA Business 16/02/2022
Barley grain is mechanically poured into a 40,000 ton ship at a Ukrainian agricultural exporter's shipment terminal in the Black Sea port of Mykolaïv, in Ukraine.
Barley grain is mechanically poured into a 40,000 ton ship at a Ukrainian agricultural exporter's shipment terminal in the Black Sea port of Mykolaïv, in Ukraine. © Vincent Mundy/Files/Reuters

Potential Ukrainian wheat supply blockage for Algiers and Cairo 

The Moscow-Kyiv crisis is leading to a drastic reduction in the volume of grain shipped from Black Sea ports. Fearing a Russian offensive, shipping companies are now refusing to make new commitments to traders. This situation particularly affects Algiers, which has been relying on supplies from this region to compensate for its halt in French purchases, but it is also of consequence to Egypt. [...]

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